A change in immigration policy is among the important objectives of the new government that Giorgia Meloni could preside over. The leader of the Brothers of Italy wants to build a wall in the Mediterranean. She said that “against clandestine immigration, naval blockades are necessary.” Her idea is not new, but she relaunched it on the campaign trail. Meloni explained how she intends to carry out “the naval blockade” against the disembarkation of immigrants: “It is a European mission to negotiate, together with Libya, the possibility of stopping the ships that leave its shores.” In addition to the naval blockade, the leader of Fratelli d’Italia (Brothers of Italy) also proposes the opening of reception centers in Africa, to assess there who has the right to be refugees, to then be distributed [en Europa] as true refugees, and send the others back to their countries. For his part, Matteo Salvini, leader of the League, has insistently promised during the campaign that the new government will re-enforce the two security decrees adopted in 2018 and 2019 when he was Minister of the Interior. In those decrees harsh measures and fines were imposed against NGOs and the ship was confiscated if it repeats the crime or carries more than 100 immigrants on board. But in the second government of Giuseppe Conte, in which the League left and the Democratic party entered, in addition to Italia Viva, in 2020 Salvini’s security decrees were dismantled. Three fundamental points were then introduced in the new legislation: the rescue of shipwrecked persons is a constitutional and international obligation, the repatriation of immigrants who may be in danger of inhuman treatment in their country is prohibited, and the right to reception and integration is extended. The fines – between 10,000 and 50,000 euros – for NGO ships, if they violated the prohibition to enter Italian territorial waters after rescuing immigrants in the Mediterranean, also disappeared. Matteo Salvini made two trips to Lampedusa, an island that is a symbol of welcoming immigrants, during the electoral campaign, and promised that he would re-introduce his two security decrees. But it remains to be seen. Then Matteo Salvin i dreamed of becoming Minister of the Interior again. That possibility has surely vanished after his electoral failure. It is very likely that Giorgia Meloni will entrust a key ministry such as the Interior to a member of his party or a person he trusts. These are other points on the right-wing bloc’s program: Treasury and taxes Attention is focused on restructuring a “fairer” tax system, on the one hand, and on the creation of a productive environment that favors the growth of the company, on the other, through measures of bureaucratic rationalization and employment incentives. Specifically, a rationalization of personal income tax, fiscal peace, relief for companies that hire and not the property tax is intended. Social measures Reform of citizenship income (subsidy for the unemployed), which will be replaced by “social inclusion measures” for people over 60 years of age and integration policies in the world of work. The center-right promises to raise minimum pensions, as well as incentives “for the inclusion of the disabled.” Environment Promotion of public transport, efficiency plan for the water network and contrast to hydrogeological instability. On the energy front, on the other hand, authorization to open new natural gas deposits and the creation of power plants to produce “clean nuclear” energy. In gas, support for the price limit at the European level. NATO-Europe For the centre-right, there is, in the first place, the “protection of the national interest and the defense of the homeland”, also in relations with the EU. The coalition says there are no doubts in the Ukraine war: the joint program of Brothers of Italy, Liga and Forza Italia ensures the “fulfilment of the commitments made in NATO”, including the shipment of new weapons to Ukraine. MORE INFORMATION news Yes What Meloni’s Government is at stake in Europe news No The right-wing coalition clearly wins the Italian elections news No «Yes to our civilization, no to those who want to destroy it»: these are the ideas of Giorgia Meloni Young FdI, Liga and FI focus on providing facilities for access to the first home loan for young couples, but also on “support for young entrepreneurs”. Education chapter: scholarships for sports, educational freedom through the “school voucher”, support for students with merits and construction of schools.
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